Holocaust and Remembrance
Ignoring Occupation condemns and opposes in the strongest way possible all holocaust deniers, racists, neo-Nazis and disbelievers who deny that the holocaust ever happened, downplays its significance in Jewish and world history or all right praises Nazism, Hitler and apologists for this crime against humanity and mass murder. No suffering is unique or the epitome of or serve as a justification to another people's suffering, oppression and occupation. The Holocaust is regarded as most well known and documented genocide of the twentieth century, survivors, soldiers who liberated the concentration camps and even Hitler's government all kept records the most detail writings aside from the survivors' testimonies, Yad Vashem and Holocaust museums in U.S. and Israel came from German archives after Second World War.Among the gruesome records are the numbers of people killed, property destroyed and burned by Nazi supporters in neighboring countries & local populations. Stolen clothes and jeweleries were taken from concentration camp prisoners who died by camp officials and kapos (Jews who served as barrack commanders to their fellow prisoners) than given to German civilians who live only a few blocks away from camps, in other countries and neighboring cities. deaths in gas chambers as camps such as Auschwitz, Treblinka, Dachau, Jasenovac in Yugoslavia in which 700,00 Serbs, Roma and children were murdered by Croatian Fascists Utashe Government under Ante Pavelić. Despite the overwhelming evidence, film, photographs, records and testimonies of camps and Nazis systemic killings of anyone who did not fit Nazism's definition of an master race even children were not spared. Upon liberating the camps many American, Canadian and other resistance groups were shocked to find that many German, Polish, French and other local civilians who lived only a block or around the corner from the camps denied the camps' existence or simply said they did not know what was happening or believed such places exists though they could smell the stench of gas chamber and burning human beings in ovens as Nazi sought to destroy any evidence of their crimes.
Ma'afa: African HolocaustTo even non-political Africans, African Americans and Caribbeans, slavery and colonialism and 500 years of suffering both produced since 16th century (Europe's Age of exploration) on Africans across the world is considered a Holocaust and to a lesser extent a genocide named Maafa. In Swahili Maafa means great turbulence or tragedy. The Maafa (African Holocaust in English) did not just include consequences of slavery and colonialism nor was it just a coincidental event in world history occurring during 500 year rise and growth of Western Europe into a powerful hegemony according to mainstream society. The Maafa included dehumanization and Othering of black people (first in West Africa in 16th century and later extended to rest of Africa including East and North Africa) by Kings and Queen from 16th-19th centuries and later Western governments via media ie newspapers, especially popular culture stereotypes depicting Africa as a dark continent, Africans as theCurse of Ham cruel using Christianity and biblical teachings to justify slavery and colonialism, freed slaves as "enemies within" living in mainstream American society, despite freedoms Africans were viewed as inferior and subhumans by scientific racism and social Darwinism and in modern times African American and African Diaspora men not only as prisoners and dangerous criminals but as threats to themselves and society at large. Given long history of dehumanization (that continues in pop culture across West today) Othering and dehumanization helped to ease the guilt of Western governments, businesses and ordinary people who benefited, profited and committed crimes during Maafa (racism, colonialism and massacres read farther below), throw away any empathy towards Africans (during and after). Public outrage was either slow in ending Maafa or came too late. Importantly, the Maafa has literally broken cultural, social, political, historical and spiritual identity between Mainland Africa and African diaspora. African Americans have been the most disconnected people from their ancestral roots.
Disconnected, tangled and reconnected rootsRegardless of a globalized and interconnected world that we live in today, most people belong to an ancient history and culture, important historically significant, cultural and sacred place, have deep connections to their own indigenous cultures that are older than Western culture and feel their own identity is unique and protected. While the African diaspora in Latin America, Europe and Caribbean have reconnected with mainland Africa through preserved cultural practices, religious movements and spirituality, self education and awareness about rich diversity of African culture, traditions, history and music supporting governments and cultural identity projects between Africa and diaspora, African Americans still remain disconnected. For 500 years, American slave masters and holders (from 17th-20th centuries) succeeded in literally destroying any connection to Africa, to their own individual identity or their diaspora cousins African Americans had in order to keep slaves working, making the American economy wealthy at the expense of human beings, men, women and children, denying freedom and discouraging self determination though many freed African American slaves formed seperate cities in deep South and North. Two of the most well known and first self sufficient African American cities created before 20th century are Eatonville, Florida and though a neighborhood and not a city is Harlem in New York. The fears of independence and successful slave revolt similar to Haiti that ended in Haitians becoming the first black independent ruled country in 1804. In a cruel historic fate, the Maafa occurred in Western countries that praised and supported Democracy, applauding revolutions for self determination in Americas against Spain under the banner of freedom and Rights of Men, quoting the writings and readings of Hobbes, Locke and championing the humanism and Western European Enlightenment that had brought Europe out of the Dark Age, etc without seeing the sad irony in Maafa's far reaching consequences for Africans across the world.
It can't be the H word if perpetrators are Europeans and victims are AfricansFinally it has allowed Western countries to deny that Maafa is equivalent to a Holocaust on the same scale as the Jewish Holocaust. The historical significance of the Maafa continues to haunt Black America, Caribbean and mainland Africa to this day. Despite historical evidence of horrors, massacres and crimes committed during Maafa, there is no justice for descendants of slaves whose ancestors were not only enslaved but endured unspeakable acts of violence and indifference from mainstream Western society towards their suffering. There has been no resounding official apology from all Western countries who were involved in the Maafa. There has been no reparations as of yet or a Truth and Reconciliation Commission in U.S. or Europe or Nuremberg Trial (that would be a controversy) to examining the uncomfortable truths of Maafa (holocaust) that is often overlooked in most history textbooks. There has been no reparations even though compensation has been given to Japanese Americans for internment of their grandparents and parents during World War II, remembrance and teachings of the Jewish Holocaust is mentioned daily and taught in school, there is acknowledgment for the dropping of the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and there has even been minimal recognition of the Armenian Genocide during World War I. Yet when speaking about Maafa (whose name alone can not be mentioned because of "controversy") and its significance, African diaspora, mainland Africa and African Americans are told to forget about it, not bring up old wounds although the wounds have become deep and turned into scars. Perhaps its because the perpetrators of the Maafa was Western governments and not dehumanized, others in non-Western countries maybe why calling Maafa (African Holocaust) what is has been a difficult.
Namibian Genocide and Second Reich Full film uncut
Unknown facts not found in history books: Victims of colonial atrocities speak from the grave
Before words such as "Genocide" and "Holocaust" became part of mainstream society vocabulary, massacres and attempted genocides were already being committed by colonial authorities in Namibia and Congo in early 1900s. Propelled by racist ideology and science (paralleling Nazi Germany and other Western European nations' notion of superiority) that placed African peoples regardless of cultural history or their location in the continent at the bottom of humanity, German colonial administration of the Second Reich dislocated indigenous Namibians from their ancestral homelands and created the world's first concentration camps in Kalahari Desert in Namibia in 1904 (before World War I, before Hitler's Rise and Jewish Holocaust). The Herero people of
Why No Reparations for descendants and survivors of Maafa?
|A young share cropper tending the land|
Reparations agreement between Germany and Israel
500 Years Later
The history of slavery, colonialism and racism through past to the present. Directed, narrated and told from the viewpoint of African diaspora, it takes the viewer on a human journey of African history ie
Aparthied Did Not Die, A film by John Pilger
Apartheid Did Not Die from John Pilger on Vimeo.
Apartheid the institutionalized system of politically and culturally seperating the peoples of South Africa based on ethnic origins and skin color. Apartheid system officially came into affect in 1948 by the then White minority ruled political system and government. Africans, Asians and Europeans living in South Africa have been held down by laws which regarded society as divided into biologically different races of humanity backed by social darwinism and pseudoscience. Apartheid was tied to the economy of South Africa built upon heavy income and wealth inequality seen in the comfortable lives whites lived and the large bantustans indigenous Africans lived in across the country. The inequality remained even in large cities such as Johannesburg (Jo'burg), Capetown, Durban, Preteroia, and regions as KwaZulu-Natal, so forth. Most if not all of the country's wealth from industry to manufacturing, mining, services and real estate was held by whites (Afrikaners, Europeans) and foreign investors and multinationals from United States, Britain, Zimbabwe (than known as Rhodesia named after Cecil Rhodes) the origins of the Marikana Massacre of workers based at the Loninium Platinium Mining company can be found in the Apartheid economic system which purposely disenfranchised indigenous Africans and other non European South Africans ie Malays and Indians who lived in a buffer zone but were equally apart from gaining full access to the wealth or moving up the social leader. Apartheid still exist in South Africa today in the economics and benefits from resources still dominated by white Afrikaner minority alongside subtle racism in society. On the heels of this is continual push by multinationals for South Africa's resources, access to its markets and waterways and the control of economic policies by the likes of IMF and World Bank with their outdated structural adjustment programs.
Fears of Genocide in Central African RepublicAs the violence carried out by both Seleka and Anti Balaka rebels continues, France and many other neighboring countries as well as Western countries have feared that a genocide might be occuring against Central African Muslims. Anti-Balaka rebels and their supporters are carrying out revenge attacks against their Muslim countrymen following the Overthrow of Francois Bozize and Seleka rebels attacks against Christian Central Africans in Bangui and cross the country. As a result, the Anti-Balaka rebels came into being to protect mainly Christian supporters and countrymen against Seleka rebel forces not trusting the national government to stop in to protect both Christians and Muslims. Now that the Anti-Balaka have the upperhand in the violence and war for the time being, Muslim Central Africans have bore the brunt of the rebel forces.
Recognized across the continent and the world as one of the most brutal genocides of the 20th century, Rwanda's killing fields left some 800,000+ Tutsis and Hutus dead over a 100 day period in which the interhamwe rebel forces and later Rwandan Patriotic Front fought their way across the tiny mountainous country. Battling each other for political domination in the capital Kigali, both groups were responsible for hundreds if not thousands of Rwandans' deaths regardless of their ethnicity. More than a million Rwandans were forced to flee to neighboring countries in DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya and other nations. It is worth noting that the African Union was nearly absent from intervening in Rwanda or at the forefront of providing a peacekeeping force or mediation team. The UN, the West and France have received the most criticism for not intervening into the killings reached a crescendo. Western countries used America's failure to successfully intervene in Somalia's then early Civil War as a pretext for never intervening in any African conflict no matter how urgent or life threatening the conflict is for ordinary people. However, America and its allies have since broken their Somalia excuse with the creation of Africom, NATO bombing of Libya, supplying weapons to South Sudanese rebels, Rwandan and Ugandan military in DR Congo. When the fighting finally ended, millions of Rwandans were either displaced internally or lived in refugee camps outside their country's borders. Many were equally traumatized by the horrors they managed to survive or witnessed. Even now, reliving or retelling the individual stories of victims and perpetrators is painful for many Rwandans even the younger generation who is removed from the events from 20 years. Some wanted criminals have fled to France who have provided them security during and in the aftermath of events. Rwanda's holocaust occurred around the same time Bosnia's Civil War was waning to an end. European countries and UN were more focused on putting a lid on Bosnian civil war though their intervention also came at the wrong time. Sarajevo and the rest of Bosnia was destroyed by the time the war officially ended in Bosnia's partition in 1995. Currently, France has started trials for wanted criminals within the country. The origins of Rwandan genocide can be found in Belgium's rule over Rwanda. Belgian colonial officials used an identity card system emphasizing Hutu and Tutsi ethnic identity that included racializing Tutsis as superior and more European (even measuring skulls and eyes reminiscing of Nazis) while casting Hutus as incapable of governance and blocking them from high office and marginalizing them. This led to a nation wide strike by Hutus in 1959. The highly ethnicized animosity played on both peoples' perceived differences and feelings of injustice which continued long after Rwanda gained independence in 1962. The death of Rwanda and Burundian presidents in a helicopter crash the previous wek before the start of the killings was the final cataclyst.
Tuez les Tous! Genocide in Rwanda: history, origins and role of media
PBS Frontline on Rwandan Genocide
Secret History of How Cuba ended Apartheid
It is no secret that Cuba and its people (in the form of military support and troops) played a crucial role in several liberation struggles in Africa ie Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe among other countries. Nelson Mandela had good relationships with Fidel Castro and other revolutionary leaders such as Maumar Gaddhafi, Hugo Chavez and his other counterparts around the world. Cuba not only spoke of liberation from colonialism and imperialism and to a lesser extent neoliberialism but also practiced it across Latin America and Africa giving help to other nations struggling to break free of neocolonialism. Today, Cuba has continued to help other nations in the form of providing medical aid by exporting doctors to its neighbors and providing medical training and education for doctors, nurses and medical staff from around the world.
The Last DominoThe documentary recalls the rise and fall of South African Apartheid regime's military forces and foreign interventions along its borders in Nambia, intervention in Angola Civil War, Mozambique and other border wars across Southern Africa
The Death of Apartheid: The Whites Last StandThe story of Eugene Terreblanche, a staunchnly right wing and stubborn political activist who attempted to halt the 1994 Elections that brough the first non Apartheid Democratic government to power in South Africa under Nelson Mandel and the African National Congress. Terreblanche's Neo Nazi party's tactics and symbolism fell on deaf ears as apartheid's collapse gave way to the changing times in South Africa.
Crimes of generations: Indigenous peoples and disappearance (almost) of Black Australia
Runoko Rashidi: Aboriginal Holocaust in Tasmania
The First Australians fight back John Pilger
Aborgines Exclusion Policy laws
Slavery in the Arab countries
Arab Occupation of North AfricaThe Process of Islamizaction of Egypt
The Arab Invasions: First Islamic Empire
Egypt the Arab Conquest
Where are my People?
PBS Special-Armenian Genocide
Aghbet: Armenian Genocide In English Politics and unending mourning of Turkey and Armenia's relationship in relation to the genocide
Racism in Europe and United States: How racism and dehumanization led to murder
The Horrifying American roots of Nazi Eugenics
Ethnic Cleansing and Conflict in USAThe United States is not immune to ethnic cleansing, genocide and conflict regardless of what the government and larger society presents to the rest of the world. The US has succeeded in sugar coating and hiding ethnic cleansing and ethnic conflict from the eyes of its own citizens and the world by writing it out of the textbooks, media and preaching exceptionalism in its national mythology. An accusing finger has always been pointed and wagged at the rest of the world (see state terrorism in Pundits and Geopolitics) for untold atrocities and murders committed by both dictatorial and so called Democratic governments in the past and present. Nevertheless the true story of genocide and ethnic cleansing in America and empire building abroad has been recorded and exposed in books and independent media. Schools and mainstream media are still hesitant to teach the bloody side of American exceptionalism. Caught up in ethnic cleansing and state sanctioned exclusion from society from past to present are the Indigenous Americans, African Americans, Chinese (1800s), Japanese (during World War II). Targeted assassinations of left wing and revolutionary groups also spurred conflicts and riots within the US. Brutal persecution of religious minorities through church burning, lynchings and propaganda continued into the mid 20th century. Economic sanctions and sabotage is the quickest way to destroy a society and people. Perhaps the most successful economic sabotage of an ethnic minority by the American state occurred in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1921. In 1920s during (Jim Crow and apartheid dubbed segregation but with the same elements as South African Apartheid) Tulsa was home to Black Wall Street, a economically stable and self sustaining neighborhood built by wealth of African Americans that was bombed to the ground by the white town police and state. African Americans owned their own banks, insurance companies, bus lines, businesses, schools, hospitals and wealth and finances. There was no need to rely on the larger white society surrounding the neighborhood for the residents' well being. Afraid of competition from African Americans which is regarded as the one of the principals of capitalist system and rising political power by African Americans, white Americans in Tulsa rioted and attacked Black Wall Street with mobs, guns and the world's first airplane bombings of civilian targets. The continual racism by the state and institutions that spurs the deaths of ethnic groups and prisoners or that sends hundreds of thousands of people of color to solitary confinement, death row or lifetime imprisonment or economic sanctions that crushes nations abroad. Exceptionalism does not excuse or erases past and present atrocities.
Banished: Ethnic Cleansing of African Americans in US
American Empire: Ethnic cleansing from America to Iraq, Afghanistan, etc
Mass Murder: Ethnic Cleansing American Style-Iraq
Memories of the Camps
Palestine, Gaza and Holocaust
From 1948 onwards, many Palestinians, Arabs, Iranians and Muslims have often asked why the Palestinians must pay for the Western world's holocaust guilt. Questions abound as to why was Israel established on top of Palestine, when Palestinians and Arab World played no part in Holocaust, did not aid Hitler despite many Israeli officials and historians saying that the grand Mufti of Jerusalem met with him, Arab countries did not build concentration camps for their Jewish communities nor deported them outside the country? And how could Arab countries take part in the war independently when they themselves were under British, French and European colonialism that limited self determination and crushed any form of resistance to colonial rule? Many media pundits, right wing politicians and die hard Zionists and Israeli government supporters continously say, "Arabs, Ahmedinjad or Palestinians are trying to wipe Israel off the map!" They justify Israel's disproportional use of force in occupied Palestine, Lebanon and once upon a time Egypt under Nassar as an act of self defense. Many leaders across the Arab World, Iran and other Muslim countries have been compared to Hitler and World War II, "a second holocaust" by Arab countries against Israel and New Antisemitism (for anyone who calls themselves an anti-Zionist including Jews) is used as the mantra by politicians, pundits and Israel lobby to silence any criticism of Israeli policies in Gaza, Lebanon and elsewhere that would be condemned, heavily scrutinized and leaders and government tried for war crimes if Israel were any other country in the world. But because of the history of Holocaust (especially in U.S. & Europe)that many children and adults learn about, discuss, visit holocaust musuem and are reminded to never forget, that any criticism of Israeli government not Israeli people or Jews is seen as automatic antisemitism even when Jewish groups see criticizing Israel as justified and necessary to promote human rights for Palestinians, Lebanese, Iraqis, etc and work toward peace in Middle East.
Israel's supporters are trying to deny the crimes against humanity and war in Gaza by saying that the civilians dying are members of Hamas, that the organization started the war by firing rockets at Sderot & other Israeli cities, civilians brought it upon themselves and Palestinians are using propaganda as a way to garner sympathy. The claims are not true. Gaza is a small area 25 kilometers wide, one of the world's densely populated places and also has a young population 50% of all Gazans are under the age of 17. Bombing a small territory or any size for that matter, full of children, women and elderly who have nothing to do with the politics of Hamas nor who care nothing for politics in the first place is by any definition of International Law, Nuremberg Trials (which occurred in the immediate aftermath of Holocaust in 1945 to trial Nazi officials and supporters for their crimes) and human conscious a war crime regardless of what justification is used for bombing mostly civilian infrastructure across Gaza. As Israeli officials, U.S. media have said the Jewish state is trying to defend itself from Hamas rocket fire. Many critics of Hamas and Israel's continual bombardment of Gaza have said the inaccurate homemade rockets from Hamas and other groups often miss the target and have to date only killed 10 Israelis in Sderot, Ashkelon and Ashdod compared to 1,400 Palestinians. While many people have taken to protest for Gaza and Palestinians across the world and four corners of Earth, Western governments and media remain uncritical of Israel, its use of disproportionate and horrendous force to silence Hamas rockets while punishing the people of Gaza. Many Palestinians and their supporters see silence from International community particularly the diplomats as complicity with Israeli war policy. The history of antisemitism and West's long holocaust guilt at not halting it has made Since 1967 war, many supporters of Israel have warned of a second holocaust against Israel coming from neighboring Arab countries. Critics such as Professor Norman Finklestein, Noam Chomsky, Rashid Khalidi, Tariq Ramadan, Uri Aveney, etc have detested the use of holocaust as a way to silence criticism of Israeli policies towards Palestinians, its neighbors and charging anyone who questions the 41 year old occupation of Palestinian territories with antisemitism.Raphael Lemkin
20th century world renown lawyer who invented the name genocide after studying and researching the Armenian Massacres and was the prime drafter of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
Holocaust, Palestine & Israel: Revision, Denial & Myth
Responsibility for Holocaust
International Response to Holocaust
Role of International Community in Rwandan Genocide
Sh'erit ha-Pletah: Surviving Remnant IDPs & DPs before Israel's creation
Aftermath of Holocaust Wikipedia
The Will to Live, Time Magazine on DPs in post war Europe
Face sheet on Armenian genocide