Tuesday, 8 September 2015

Geopolitics of Nigeria: Superpower, influential cities and challenges that remain

Caspian Reports breaks down the geopolitics of Nigeria, its society and economics. While the film doesn't cover all aspects of Nigeria (it would take a whole series) it does provide the viewer with a crash course in what Nigeria has been up to in the last few decades and its rising economic importance in Africa and the wide world. Nigeria has become the superpower of Africa, surpassing even South Africa in its current economic and population growth. For decades Nigeria has been the regional power of West Africa serving as a reference point for culture, language, in depth analysis and socioeconomic development of the diverse region. Nigerian diplomats and foreign officials have often served as mediators, influences, diplomats and lately businessmen on issues from post conflict cooperation to building Pan African banks and financial institutions. Nigerian movies aka Nollywood are well known, loved and watched across the African continent and across the world thanks to the African Diaspora. Lagos and Abuja, the capital are becoming more well known as the cities of culture, creativity and serving as the epitome of African made future.

Lagos: The rising star of Metropolitan African cities

How a once decaying metropolis transformed into an investment and economic hub

Lagos has become the new city actually metropolis of the future in Africa. It balances transforming a metropolis of 10-15 million people into a sustainable city that meets local needs and fight against rapid city population and urbanization. Lagos has several medium size mega projects in the works including creating a Dubai style, sustainable floating city Eko Atlantic in Lagos' coast. The city's current infrastructural projects and BRT system is the vision of notable Lagos state governor Babatunde Fashola who is regarded as one of the most visionary and no nonsense urban developer. Lagos has come a long way from 30 years ago when it was once regarded as decaying and even dying metropolis that transformed itself into the economic and financial hub of Nigeria. Until 1990, Lagos was the capital of Nigeria. Abuja has been the capital since . Originally it was chosen as the capital to end long standing grievances by Nigerians of national political power and representation being confined to one part of Nigeria namely the Southern Nigeria at the expense of the North, East and far West. Due to its central location, Abuja serves as a symbol of unity and ordinary citizens' access to state affairs.

My Nigeria: Gbenga Sesan Connecting a million online access in Nigeria 

Lagos: Africa's fastest growing Mega City

Nigeria is a federal state that promotes decentralization to address the lack of development in rural areas especially in the poorer towns of the Niger Delta where a large chunk of the country's sweet crude is located. Federalism has worked in keeping the country united. However, it doesn't ease the unequal distribution of wealth and social development in rural villages rely on natural resources for improved life. In terms of redistribution of oil wealth and much needed development, the people of Niger Delta have turned to out of frustration of seeing Nigerian petroleum benefit wealthier regions such as Lagos and Abuja at the expense of local towns. The fight against corruption and beating back terrorism by Boko Haram itself inspired by both Al Qaeda and ISIS still reminds a challenge but a top priority for the current Nigerian President Buhari. Corruption stands as the ultimate social issue facing ordinary Nigerians has been widely voiced a the source of the political woes in the Nigerian countryside.

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