Friday, 20 November 2015

South Sudan independence without lasting peace

Since gaining independence in July 2011, South Sudan has been hit by ongoing wars that has exhausted its society and demoralized many ordinary South Sudanese. What was supposed to be a joyful ride into the future for Africa and the world's newest nation has turned into horror. Four years after celebrating a long overdue and hard fought war that destroyed Sudanese society and still affects people across the two Sudans, South Sudan is further away from lasting peace. South Sudan had always empathized lasting peace and national unity as a key to building up society for the better. It doesn't matter if a South Sudanese is Dinka, Neur, Shilluk and many other ethnic groups. National cohension and unity is supposed to hold the country together. Post independence and revolution aftermaths are the difficult parts of freeing a people from brutal military occupation, war or colonial rule.

South Sudan: Fight for the heart of the South Al Jazeera special report

The country technically has two unofficial political leaders. Riek Macher and Salvia Kiir. Machar was originally the first vice president of South Sudan until he was sacked by Kiir during massive government suspensions. While most politicians would've gotten on without a government position, Machar challenged Kiir on his rule and proposed running for president against Kiir. Salvia Kiir, the current South Sudanese president ignored Machar's challenges at first. Only after Machar's supporters under the banner of SPLA began challenging Kiir's government, the president himself . currently the president. Both have their own supporters and individual militias who have refused to put down their arms until each leader folds to current conflict between both sides.

Struggles of a nation: When civilians can't relax

While many South Sudanese are happy to have a country of their own and be able to breathe freely, many are facing one struggle after the next. From a lack of basic infrastructure around the country and even in the South Sudanese capital Juba to lack of schools to educate many hundreds of thousands of children returning from camps or displaced by the war. Not to mention the hundreds of disrupted classes from primary to university levels. There are some South Sudanese children who are traumatized and scarred for life from the longest civil war turned independence struggle anywhere in Africa. Others still live in refugee or internally displaced camps in Juba or outside Malakal in Northern South Sudan and Sudan too frightened to return or unable to go back to their original homes around the country. The Sudanese citizens who are in calming states and peaceful neighbors of Juba have attempted to carry on with their normal lives. Children get up and go to school while their parents work and keep the calm in the households and at schools. Local state governments have focused their energies on improving infrastructure and promoting the rich cultures of South Sudan. Still cultural programs have been overshadowed in recent years by the ongoing corruption and violence plaguing South Sudan. 

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