Friday, 5 February 2016

South Sudan breaks up provinces into 28 states

South Sudan is Africa's 54th country to date. After gaining independence in 2011, South Sudan has ended up what it feared, a civil war. The majority of South Sudanese civilians have been affected by the war in one way or the other. Bordering Sudan to the North, Ethiopia and Kenya to its East, Centrafrique or Central African Republic and D.R. Congo to the West.

Recently South Sudan has broken up its ten provinces into 28 states under the current government of President Silva Kiir. Many South Sudanese journalists and citizens are questioning why an additional 18 states were created when the government hadn't addressed the problems facing the original 10 provinces in the pre and post independence days. Kiir is hoping the creation will satisfy the needs of all South Sudanese and allow everyone and each state to have access to resources, financing and social services. Everything from infrastructure would be provided by the local state governments and not solely the national government. There has always been discussions about federalism in South Sudan even before independence in 2011. Federalism is still seen by South Sudanese as the most popular and solution orientated form of governance in the country. It could even aid in ending the current choas across the country. That is if and when the different SPLA branches and arrow boys are able to sit and negotiate on how to end their respective demands for who will be part of an inclusive South Sudanese government. South Sudan is not the first African country to divide its provinces into smaller states. Nigeria famusly adapted federalism in the 1960s and broke up its original three provinces in 36 states. Today, Nigeria is a federal republic and treats decentralization as a must. The national ie federal government has the final say on certain things, but local state governors across Nigeria are tasked with running their states and providing services to the people. Nigeria is in no way utopia. But it could offer some lessons for South Sudan.

South Sudan 28 state creation could damage Peace Deal CCTV

There are now many SPLA branches across South Sudan. Each branch appears follow a different complaint made by South Sudanese to the government on a daily basis. opposing the government or challenging it to be better rulers. All the various rebel groups (they are not the one dimensional rebels of the media or movies) are actually fighting for their people and local home towns. All want the conflict to come to an end. Reoccurying peace deals have been proposed and discussed between the South Sudanese governments and SPLA factions in Ethiopia and Kenya. The SPLA factions also represent two of South Sudan's major ethnic groups the Dinka and Neur. Even before independence, the two peoples despite being countrymen argued over land, grazing rights for their cattle and access to natural resources. .

Channels Television News: SPLA says South Sudan Crisis is political war

SPLA's long struggle for a people first government

The SPLA short for the Sudanese People's Liberation Army is famous for fighting against the Khartoum government in Northern Sudan from the early 1980s until 2005. Although the SPLA continued to fight against the Khartoum government's execsive bombings and disproportionate use of force against South Sudanese civilians on both sides of the border until 2011. It's other name SPLM, Sudanese People Liberation Movement is still used in Sudan north of South Sudan. Despite being crossed by a new border, the people of the Blue Nile, Kordofan and Abyei regions consider themselves part of the larger South Sudanese identity, culture and languages. The Nuba, Dinka-Ngok and other ethnic groups along the border emphasize with their South Sudanese neighbours and many Sudanese including Arab and Islamic Sudanese in Khartoum and other towns fighting for a New Sudan. Many Sudanese fed up by Omar Bashir's regime and wahhabi styled sharia system, long for a Democratic and secular Sudan where the government and society is free from injustice, conflicts, racism and discrimination. Many Sudanese are fighting for a better and well of Sudan that not only provides for its citizens but offers them real benefits and focuses on the well being of all of society.

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